Table of Contents
Trac is distributed with a powerful command-line configuration tool. This tool can be used to configure and customize your Trac-installation to better fit your needs.
Some of those configurations can also be performed via the web administration module.
For nearly every trac-admin command, you will need to specify the path to the TracEnvironment that you want to administer as the first argument:
trac-admin /path/to/projenv wiki list
The only exception is for the help command, but even in this case if you omit the environment, you will only get a very succinct list of commands (help and initenv), the same list you would get when invoking trac-admin alone. Also, trac-admin --version will tell you about the Trac version (e.g. 0.12) corresponding to the program.
To get a comprehensive list of the available commands and sub-commands, specify an existing environment:
trac-admin /path/to/projenv help
Some commands have a more detailed help, which you can access by specifying the command's name as a subcommand for help:
trac-admin /path/to/projenv help <command>
trac-admin <targetdir> initenv
This subcommand is very important as is the one used to create a TracEnvironment in the specified <targetdir>. That directory must not exist prior to the call.
initenv [<projectname> <db> [<repostype> <repospath>]] Create and initialize a new environment If no arguments are given, then the required parameters are requested interactively. One or more optional arguments --inherit=PATH can be used to specify the "[inherit] file" option at environment creation time, so that only the options not already specified in one of the global configuration files are written to the conf/trac.ini file of the newly created environment. Relative paths are resolved relative to the "conf" directory of the new environment.
It supports an extra --inherit option, which can be used to specify a global configuration file which can be used to share settings between several environments. You can also inherit from a shared configuration afterwards, by setting the [inherit] file option in the conf/trac.ini file in your newly created environment, but the advantage of specifying the inherited configuration file at environment creation time is that only the options not already specified in the global configuration file will be written in the created environment's conf/trac.ini file. See TracIni#GlobalConfiguration.
Note that in version 0.11 of Trac, initenv lost an extra last argument <templatepath>, which was used in previous versions to point to the templates folder. If you are using the one-liner trac-admin /path/to/trac/ initenv <projectname> <db> <repostype> <repospath> in the above and get an error that reads Wrong number of arguments to initenv: 4, then this is because you are using a trac-admin script from an older version of Trac.
When passing the environment path as the only argument, trac-admin starts in interactive mode. Commands can then be executed on the selected environment using the prompt, which offers tab-completion (on non-Windows environments, and when the Python readline module is available) and automatic repetition of the last command issued.
Once you are in interactive mode, you can also get help on specific commands or subsets of commands:
For example, to get an explanation of the resync command, run:
$ help resync
To get help on all the Wiki-related commands, run:
$ help wiki
Full Command Reference
You will find below the detailed help for all the commands available by default in trac-admin. Note that this may not match the list given by trac-admin <yourenv> help, as the commands pertaining to components disabled in that environment won't be available and conversely some plugins activated in the environment can add their own commands.
help Show documentation initenv [<projectname> <db> [<repostype> <repospath>]] Create and initialize a new environment If no arguments are given, then the required parameters are requested interactively. One or more optional arguments --inherit=PATH can be used to specify the "[inherit] file" option at environment creation time, so that only the options not already specified in one of the global configuration files are written to the conf/trac.ini file of the newly created environment. Relative paths are resolved relative to the "conf" directory of the new environment. attachment add <realm:id> <path> [author] [description] Attach a file to a resource The resource is identified by its realm and identifier. The attachment will be named according to the base name of the file. attachment export <realm:id> <name> [destination] Export an attachment from a resource to a file or stdout The resource is identified by its realm and identifier. If no destination is specified, the attachment is output to stdout. attachment list <realm:id> List attachments of a resource The resource is identified by its realm and identifier. attachment remove <realm:id> <name> Remove an attachment from a resource The resource is identified by its realm and identifier. changeset added <repos> <rev> [rev] [...] Notify trac about changesets added to a repository This command should be called from a post-commit hook. It will trigger a cache update and notify components about the addition. changeset modified <repos> <rev> [rev] [...] Notify trac about changesets modified in a repository This command should be called from a post-revprop hook after revision properties like the commit message, author or date have been changed. It will trigger a cache update for the given revisions and notify components about the change. config get <section> <option> Get the value of the given option in "trac.ini" config remove <section> <option> Remove the specified option from "trac.ini" config set <section> <option> <value> Set the value for the given option in "trac.ini" deploy <directory> Extract static resources from Trac and all plugins hotcopy <backupdir> [--no-database] Make a hot backup copy of an environment The database is backed up to the 'db' directory of the destination, unless the --no-database option is specified. permission add <user> <action> [action] [...] Add a new permission rule permission export [file] Export permission rules to a file or stdout as CSV permission import [file] Import permission rules from a file or stdin as CSV permission list [user] List permission rules permission remove <user> <action> [action] [...] Remove a permission rule repository add <repos> <dir> [type] Add a source repository repository alias <name> <target> Create an alias for a repository repository list List source repositories repository remove <repos> Remove a source repository repository resync <repos> [rev] Re-synchronize trac with repositories When [rev] is specified, only that revision is synchronized. Otherwise, the complete revision history is synchronized. Note that this operation can take a long time to complete. If synchronization gets interrupted, it can be resumed later using the `sync` command. To synchronize all repositories, specify "*" as the repository. repository set <repos> <key> <value> Set an attribute of a repository The following keys are supported: alias, description, dir, hidden, name, type, url repository sync <repos> [rev] Resume synchronization of repositories It works like `resync`, except that it doesn't clear the already synchronized changesets, so it's a better way to resume an interrupted `resync`. See `resync` help for detailed usage. session add <sid[:0|1]> [name] [email] Create a session for the given sid Populates the name and email attributes for the given session. Adding a suffix ':0' to the sid makes the session unauthenticated, and a suffix ':1' makes it authenticated (the default if no suffix is specified). session delete <sid[:0|1]> [...] Delete the session of the specified sid An sid suffix ':0' operates on an unauthenticated session with the given sid, and a suffix ':1' on an authenticated session (the default). Specifying the sid 'anonymous' will delete all anonymous sessions. session list [sid[:0|1]] [...] List the name and email for the given sids Specifying the sid 'anonymous' lists all unauthenticated sessions, and 'authenticated' all authenticated sessions. '*' lists all sessions, and is the default if no sids are given. An sid suffix ':0' operates on an unauthenticated session with the given sid, and a suffix ':1' on an authenticated session (the default). session purge <age> Purge anonymous sessions older than the given age or date Age may be specified as a relative time like "90 days ago", or as a date in the "MMM d, y, h:mm:ss a" or "YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ss±hh:mm" (ISO 8601) format. session set <name|email> <sid[:0|1]> <value> Set the name or email attribute of the given sid An sid suffix ':0' operates on an unauthenticated session with the given sid, and a suffix ':1' on an authenticated session (the default). ticket_template export export ticket templates as json to stdout ticket_template import <json_template_file> import ticket templates from json file Specify json file path via: * json_template_file argument * json_template_file option in trac.ini upgrade Upgrade database to current version wiki dump <directory> [page] [...] Export wiki pages to files named by title Individual wiki page names can be specified after the directory. A name ending with a * means that all wiki pages starting with that prefix should be dumped. If no name is specified, all wiki pages are dumped. wiki export <page> [file] Export wiki page to file or stdout wiki import <page> [file] Import wiki page from file or stdin wiki list List wiki pages wiki load <path> [...] Import wiki pages from files If a given path is a file, it is imported as a page with the name of the file. If a path is a directory, all files in that directory are imported. wiki remove <page> Remove wiki page wiki rename <page> <new_name> Rename wiki page wiki replace <path> [...] Replace the content of wiki pages from files (DANGEROUS!) This command replaces the content of the last version of one or more wiki pages with new content. The previous content is lost, and no new entry is created in the page history. The metadata of the page (time, author) is not changed either. If a given path is a file, it is imported as a page with the name of the file. If a path is a directory, all files in that directory are imported. WARNING: This operation results in the loss of the previous content and cannot be undone. It may be advisable to backup the current content using "wiki dump" beforehand. wiki upgrade Upgrade default wiki pages to current version