Changes between Version 1 and Version 2 of TracStandalone


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Timestamp:
Jun 14, 2010, 11:11:20 PM (5 years ago)
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trac
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  • TracStandalone

    v1 v2  
    11= Tracd =
    22
    3 Tracd is a lightweight standalone Trac web server. In most cases it's easier to setup and runs faster than the [wiki:TracCgi CGI script].
     3Tracd is a lightweight standalone Trac web server.
     4It can be used in a variety of situations, from a test or development server to a multiprocess setup behind another web server used as a load balancer.
    45
    56== Pros ==
    67
    78 * Fewer dependencies: You don't need to install apache or any other web-server.
    8  * Fast: Should be almost as fast as the [wiki:TracModPython mod_python] version (and much faster than the [wiki:TracCgi CGI]).
     9 * Fast: Should be almost as fast as the [wiki:TracModPython mod_python] version (and much faster than the [wiki:TracCgi CGI]), even more so since version 0.12 where the HTTP/1.1 version of the protocol is enabled by default
    910 * Automatic reloading: For development, Tracd can be used in ''auto_reload'' mode, which will automatically restart the server whenever you make a change to the code (in Trac itself or in a plugin).
    10   * Options for tracd: `-r, --auto-reload`
    1111
    1212== Cons ==
    1313
    14  * Fewer features: Tracd implements a very simple web-server and is not as configurable or as scalable as Apache HTTPD.
     14 * Fewer features: Tracd implements a very simple web-server and is not as configurable or as scalable as Apache httpd.
    1515 * No native HTTPS support: [http://www.rickk.com/sslwrap/ sslwrap] can be used instead,
    1616   or [http://trac.edgewall.org/wiki/STunnelTracd stunnel -- a tutorial on how to use stunnel with tracd] or Apache with mod_proxy.
     
    4343== Installing as a Windows Service ==
    4444
     45=== Option 1 ===
    4546To install as a Windows service, get the [http://www.google.com/search?q=srvany.exe SRVANY] utility and run:
    4647{{{
     
    5960The spacing here is important.
    6061
     62For Windows 7 User, srvany.exe may not be an option, so you can use [http://www.google.com/search?q=winserv.exe WINSERV] utility and run:
     63{{{
     64"C:\path\to\winserv.exe" install tracd -displayname "tracd" -start auto "C:\path\to\python.exe" c:\path\to\python\scripts\tracd-script.py <your tracd parameters>"
     65
     66net start tracd
     67}}}
     68
     69=== Option 2 ===
     70
     71Use [http://trac-hacks.org/wiki/WindowsServiceScript WindowsServiceScript], available at [http://trac-hacks.org/ Trac Hacks]. Installs, removes, starts, stops, etc. your Trac service.
     72
    6173== Using Authentication ==
    6274
     
    6678
    6779{{{
     80 $ htpasswd -c /path/to/env/.htpasswd username
     81}}}
     82then for additional users:
     83{{{
     84 $ htpasswd /path/to/env/.htpasswd username2
     85}}}
     86then for starting the tracd (on windows skip the "=" after --basic-auth):
     87{{{
     88tracd -p 8080 --basic-auth=environmentname,/fullpath/environmentname/.htpasswd,/fullpath/environmentname /fullpath/environmentname
     89}}}
     90
     91 `environmentname` is the directory name of the Trac project folder, as opposed to `/fullpath/environmentname` which is the full path to the Trac project folder. See below for another example.
     92
     93Tracd provides support for both Basic and Digest authentication. The default is to use Digest; to use Basic authentication, replace `--auth` with `--basic-auth` in the examples below. (You must still specify a dialogic "realm", which can be an empty string by trailing the BASICAUTH with a comma.)
     94
     95  ''Support for Basic authentication was added in version 0.9.''
     96
     97The general format for using authentication is (replace `--auth` with `--basic-auth` if you want to use Basic auth):
     98
     99{{{
     100 $ tracd -p port --auth="base_project_dir,password_file_path,realm" project_path
     101}}}
     102
     103where:
     104
     105 * '''base_project_dir''': the base directory of the project specified as follows:
     106   * when serving multiple projects: ''relative'' to the `project_path`
     107   * when serving only a single project (`-s`): the name of the project directory
     108 Don't use an absolute path here as this won't work. ''Note:'' This parameter is case-sensitive even for environments on Windows.
     109 * '''password_file_path''': path to the password file
     110 * '''realm''': the realm name (can be anything)
     111 * '''project_path''': path of the project
     112
     113Examples:
     114
     115{{{
     116 $ tracd -p 8080 \
     117   --auth="project1,/path/to/passwordfile,mycompany.com" /path/to/project1
     118}}}
     119
     120Of course, the password file can be be shared so that it is used for more than one project:
     121{{{
     122 $ tracd -p 8080 \
     123   --auth="project1,/path/to/passwordfile,mycompany.com" \
     124   --auth="project2,/path/to/passwordfile,mycompany.com" \
     125   /path/to/project1 /path/to/project2
     126}}}
     127
     128Another way to share the password file is to specify "*" for the project name:
     129{{{
     130 $ tracd -p 8080 \
     131   --auth="*,/path/to/users.htdigest,mycompany.com" \
     132   /path/to/project1 /path/to/project2
     133}}}
     134
     135=== Using a htpasswd password file ===
     136This section describes how to use `tracd` with Apache .htpasswd files.
     137
     138To create a .htpasswd file use Apache's `htpasswd` command (see [#GeneratingPasswordsWithoutApache below] for a method to create these files without using Apache):
     139
     140{{{
    68141 $ sudo htpasswd -c /path/to/env/.htpasswd username
    69142}}}
     
    72145 $ sudo htpasswd /path/to/env/.htpasswd username2
    73146}}}
    74 then for starting the tracd (on windows skip the "=" after --basic-auth):
    75 {{{
    76  $ tracd -p 8080 --basic-auth=environmentname,/fullpath/environmentname/.htpasswd,/fullpath/environmentname /fullpath/environmentname
    77 }}}
    78 
    79 Tracd provides support for both Basic and Digest authentication. The default is to use Digest; to use Basic authentication, replace `--auth` with `--basic-auth` in the examples below. (You must still specify a dialogic "realm", which can be an empty string by trailing the BASICAUTH with a comma.)
    80 
    81   ''Support for Basic authentication was added in version 0.9.''
    82 
    83 The general format for using authentication is (on windows skip the "=" after --auth):
    84 
    85 {{{
    86  $ tracd -p port --auth=base_project_dir,password_file_path,realm project_path
    87 }}}
    88 
    89 where:
    90 
    91  * '''base_project_dir''' is the base directory of the project; note: this doesn't refer to the project name, and it is case-sensitive even for windows environments
    92  * '''password_file_path''' path of the password file
    93  * '''realm''' realm
    94  * '''project_path''' path of the project
    95 
    96 Example (on windows skip the "=" after --auth):
    97 
    98 {{{
    99  $ tracd -p 8080 \
    100    --auth=project1,/path/to/users.htdigest,mycompany.com /path/to/project1
    101 }}}
    102 Of course, the digest file can be be shared so that it is used for more than one project:
    103 {{{
    104  $ tracd -p 8080 \
    105    --auth=project1,/path/to/users.htdigest,mycompany.com \
    106    --auth=project2,/path/to/users.htdigest,mycompany.com \
    107    /path/to/project1 /path/to/project2
    108 }}}
    109 
    110 Another way to share the digest file is to specify "*"
    111 for the project name:
    112 {{{
    113  $ tracd -p 8080 \
    114    --auth="*",/path/to/users.htdigest,mycompany.com \
    115    /path/to/project1 /path/to/project2
    116 }}}
    117 If using the `-s` parameter for serving a Trac environment from the root of a domain, one must use `*` for the project name
    118 
    119 == How to set up an htdigest password file ==
     147
     148Then to start `tracd` run something like this:
     149
     150{{{
     151 $ tracd -p 8080 --basic-auth="projectdirname,/fullpath/environmentname/.htpasswd,realmname" /fullpath/environmentname
     152}}}
     153
     154For example:
     155
     156{{{
     157 $ tracd -p 8080 --basic-auth="testenv,/srv/tracenv/testenv/.htpasswd,My Test Env" /srv/tracenv/testenv
     158}}}
     159
     160''Note:'' You might need to pass "-m" as a parameter to htpasswd on some platforms (OpenBSD).
     161
     162=== Using a htdigest password file ===
    120163
    121164If you have Apache available, you can use the htdigest command to generate the password file. Type 'htdigest' to get some usage instructions, or read [http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.0/programs/htdigest.html this page] from the Apache manual to get precise instructions.  You'll be prompted for a password to enter for each user that you create.  For the name of the password file, you can use whatever you like, but if you use something like `users.htdigest` it will remind you what the file contains. As a suggestion, put it in your <projectname>/conf folder along with the [TracIni trac.ini] file.
     
    123166Note that you can start tracd without the --auth argument, but if you click on the ''Login'' link you will get an error.
    124167
    125 == Generating Passwords Without Apache ==
     168=== Generating Passwords Without Apache ===
    126169
    127170If you don't have Apache available, you can use this simple Python script to generate your passwords:
     
    166209}}}
    167210
    168 Note: If you would like to use --basic-auth you need to use htpasswd tool from apache server to generate .htpasswd file. The remaining part is similar but make sure to use empty realm (i.e. coma after path). When using on Windows make sure to use -m option for it (did not tested it on *nix, so not sure if that is the case there).  If you do not have Apache, [trac:source:/tags/trac-0.11b2/contrib/htpasswd.py htpasswd.py] may help.  (Note that it requires a `crypt` or `fcrypt` module; see the source comments for details.)
     211
     212Note: If you would like to use --basic-auth you need to use htpasswd tool from apache server to generate .htpasswd file. The remaining part is similar but make sure to use empty realm (i.e. coma after path). Make sure to use -m option for it.  If you do not have Apache, [trac:source:/tags/trac-0.11/contrib/htpasswd.py htpasswd.py] may help.  (Note that it requires a `crypt` or `fcrypt` module; see the source comments for details.)
    169213
    170214It is possible to use md5sum utility to generate digest-password file using such method:
     
    178222=== Serving static content ===
    179223
    180 If `tracd` is the only webserver used for the project,
     224If `tracd` is the only web server used for the project,
    181225it can also be used to distribute static content
    182226(tarballs, Doxygen documentation, etc.)
     
    187231Example: given a `$TRAC_ENV/htdocs/software-0.1.tar.gz` file,
    188232the corresponding relative URL would be `/<project_name>/chrome/site/software-0.1.tar.gz`,
    189 which in turn can be written using the relative link syntax
    190 in the Wiki: `[/<project_name>/chrome/site/software-0.1.tar.gz]`
    191 
    192 Since 0.10, Trac supports a new `htdocs:` TracLinks
    193 syntax for the above. With this, the example link above can be written simply
    194 `htdocs:software-0.1.tar.gz`.
     233which in turn can be written as `htdocs:software-0.1.tar.gz` (TracLinks syntax) or `[/<project_name>/chrome/site/software-0.1.tar.gz]` (relative link syntax).
     234
     235 ''Support for `htdocs:` TracLinks syntax was added in version 0.10''
    195236
    196237=== Using apache rewrite rules ===
     
    204245
    205246----
    206 See also: TracInstall, TracCgi, TracModPython, TracGuide, [trac:TracOnWindowsStandalone?version=13#RunningTracdasservice Running tracd.exe as a Windows service]
     247See also: TracInstall, TracCgi, TracModPython, TracGuide, [trac:TracOnWindowsStandalone?version=13#RunningTracdasservice Running tracd.exe as a Windows service], [trac:TracOnWindowsIisAjp], [trac:TracNginxRecipe]