Changes between Version 1 and Version 2 of WikiProcessors


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Timestamp:
Jun 14, 2010, 11:11:20 PM (5 years ago)
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trac
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  • WikiProcessors

    v1 v2  
    33Processors are WikiMacros designed to provide alternative markup formats for the [TracWiki Wiki engine]. Processors can be thought of as ''macro functions to process user-edited text''.
    44
    5 The Wiki engine uses processors to allow using [wiki:WikiRestructuredText Restructured Text], [wiki:WikiHtml raw HTML] and [http://www.textism.com/tools/textile/ textile] in any Wiki text throughout Trac.
     5Wiki processors can be used in any Wiki text throughout Trac,
     6for various different purposes, like:
     7 - [#CodeHighlightingSupport syntax highlighting] or for rendering text verbatim,
     8 - rendering [#HTMLrelated Wiki markup inside a context],
     9   like inside <div> blocks or <span> or within <td> or <th> table cells,
     10 - using an alternative markup syntax, like [wiki:WikiHtml raw HTML] and
     11   [wiki:WikiRestructuredText Restructured Text],
     12   or [http://www.textism.com/tools/textile/ textile]
    613
    714
    815== Using Processors ==
    916
    10 To use a processor on a block of text, use a Wiki code block, selecting a processor by name using ''shebang notation'' (#!), familiar to most UNIX users from scripts.
    11 
    12 '''Example 1''' (''inserting raw HTML in a wiki text''):
    13 
     17To use a processor on a block of text, first delimit the lines using
     18a Wiki ''code block'':
     19{{{
     20{{{
     21The lines
     22that should be processed...
     23}}}
     24}}}
     25
     26Immediately after the `{{{` or on the line just below,
     27add `#!` followed by the ''processor name''.
     28
     29{{{
     30{{{
     31#!processorname
     32The lines
     33that should be processed...
     34}}}
     35}}}
     36
     37This is the "shebang" notation, familiar to most UNIX users.
     38
     39Besides their content, some Wiki processors can also accept ''parameters'',
     40which are then given as `key=value` pairs after the processor name,
     41on the same line. If `value` has to contain space, as it's often the case for
     42the style parameter, a quoted string can be used (`key="value with space"`).
     43
     44As some processors are meant to process Wiki markup, it's quite possible to
     45''nest'' processor blocks.
     46You may want to indent the content of nested blocks for increased clarity,
     47this extra indentation will be ignored when processing the content.
     48
     49
     50== Examples ==
     51
     52||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     53{{{#!td colspan=2 align=center style="border: none"
     54
     55                __Example 1__: Inserting raw HTML
     56}}}
     57|-----------------------------------------------------------------
     58{{{#!td style="border: none"
     59{{{
     60{{{
     61<h1 style="color: grey">This is raw HTML</h1>
     62}}}
     63}}}
     64}}}
     65{{{#!td valign=top style="border: none; padding-left: 2em"
    1466{{{
    1567#!html
    16 <pre class="wiki">{{{
    17 #!html
    18 &lt;h1 style="color: orange"&gt;This is raw HTML&lt;/h1&gt;
    19 }}}</pre>
    20 }}}
    21 
    22 '''Results in:'''
    23 {{{
    24 #!html
    25 <h1 style="color: orange">This is raw HTML</h1>
    26 }}}
    27 
    28 Note that since 0.11, such blocks of HTML have to be self-contained, i.e. you can't start an HTML element in one block and close it later in a second block. Use div or span processors for achieving similar effect (see WikiHtml).
    29 
    30 ----
    31 
    32 '''Example 2''' (''inserting Restructured Text in wiki text''):
    33 
    34 {{{
    35 #!html
    36 <pre class="wiki">{{{
    37 #!rst
    38 A header
    39 --------
    40 This is some **text** with a footnote [*]_.
    41 
    42 .. [*] This is the footnote.
    43 }}}</pre>
    44 }}}
    45 
    46 '''Results in:'''
    47 {{{
    48 #!rst
    49 A header
    50 --------
    51 This is some **text** with a footnote [*]_.
    52 
    53 .. [*] This is the footnote.
    54 }}}
    55 ----
    56 '''Example 3''' (''inserting a block of C source code in wiki text''):
    57 
    58 {{{
    59 #!html
    60 <pre class="wiki">{{{
    61 #!c
    62 int main(int argc, char *argv[])
    63 {
    64   printf("Hello World\n");
    65   return 0;
    66 }
    67 }}}</pre>
    68 }}}
    69 
    70 '''Results in:'''
    71 {{{
    72 #!c
    73 int main(int argc, char *argv[])
    74 {
    75   printf("Hello World\n");
    76   return 0;
    77 }
    78 }}}
    79 
    80 ----
    81 
     68<h1 style="color: grey">This is raw HTML</h1>
     69}}}
     70}}}
     71|-----------------------------------------------------------------
     72{{{#!td colspan=2 align=center style="border: none"
     73
     74     __Example 2__: Highlighted Python code in a <div> block with custom style
     75}}}
     76|-----------------------------------------------------------------
     77{{{#!td style="border: none"
     78  {{{
     79  {{{#!div style="background: #ffd; border: 3px ridge"
     80
     81  This is an example of embedded "code" block:
     82
     83    {{{
     84    #!python
     85    def hello():
     86        return "world"
     87    }}}
     88
     89  }}}
     90  }}}
     91}}}
     92{{{#!td valign=top style="border: none; padding: 1em"
     93  {{{#!div style="background: #ffd; border: 3px ridge"
     94
     95  This is an example of embedded "code" block:
     96
     97    {{{
     98    #!python
     99    def hello():
     100        return "world"
     101    }}}
     102
     103  }}}
     104}}}
     105|-----------------------------------------------------------------
     106{{{#!td colspan=2 align=center style="border: none"
     107
     108     __Example 3__: Searching tickets from a wiki page, by keywords.
     109}}}
     110|-----------------------------------------------------------------
     111{{{#!td style="border: none"
     112  {{{
     113  {{{
     114  #!html
     115  <form action="/query" method="get">
     116  <input type="text" name="keywords" value="~" size="30">
     117  <input type="submit" value="Search by Keywords">
     118  <!-- To control what fields show up use hidden fields
     119  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="id">
     120  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="summary">
     121  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="status">
     122  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="milestone">
     123  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="version">
     124  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="owner">
     125  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="priority">
     126  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="component">
     127  -->
     128  </form>
     129  }}}
     130  }}}
     131}}}
     132{{{#!td valign=top style="border: none; padding: 1em"
     133  {{{
     134  #!html
     135  <form action="/query" method="get">
     136  <input type="text" name="keywords" value="~" size="30">
     137  <input type="submit" value="Search by Keywords">
     138  <!-- To control what fields show up use hidden fields
     139  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="id">
     140  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="summary">
     141  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="status">
     142  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="milestone">
     143  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="version">
     144  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="owner">
     145  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="priority">
     146  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="component">
     147  -->
     148  </form>
     149  }}}
     150}}}
    82151== Available Processors ==
     152
    83153The following processors are included in the Trac distribution:
    84  * '''html''' -- Insert custom HTML in a wiki page. See WikiHtml.
    85  * '''div''' -- Wrap an arbitrary Wiki content in a <div> element (''since 0.11''). See WikiHtml.
    86  * '''span''' -- Wrap an arbitrary Wiki content in a <span> element (''since 0.11''). See also WikiHtml.
    87  * '''rst''' -- Trac support for Restructured Text. See WikiRestructuredText.
    88  * '''textile''' -- Supported if [http://cheeseshop.python.org/pypi/textile Textile] is installed. See [http://www.textism.com/tools/textile/ a Textile reference].
    89  * '''comment''' -- Do not process the text in this section (i.e. contents exist only in the plain text - not in the rendered page).
    90  * '''diff''' -- Pretty print patches and diffs.
     154
     155 `#!default` :: Present the text verbatim in a preformatted text block.
     156                This is the same as specifying ''no'' processor name
     157                (and no `#!`)
     158 `#!comment` :: Do not process the text in this section (i.e. contents exist
     159                only in the plain text - not in the rendered page).
     160
     161=== HTML related ===
     162
     163 `#!html`        :: Insert custom HTML in a wiki page.
     164 `#!htmlcomment` :: Insert an HTML comment in a wiki page (''since 0.12'').
     165
     166Note that `#!html` blocks have to be ''self-contained'',
     167i.e. you can't start an HTML element in one block and close it later in a second block. Use the following processors for achieving a similar effect.
     168
     169  `#!div` :: Wrap an arbitrary Wiki content inside a <div> element
     170             (''since 0.11'').
     171 `#!span` :: Wrap an arbitrary Wiki content inside a <span> element
     172             (''since 0.11'').
     173
     174 `#!td` :: Wrap an arbitrary Wiki content inside a <td> element (''since 0.12'')
     175 `#!th` :: Wrap an arbitrary Wiki content inside a <th> element (''since 0.12'')
     176 `#!tr` :: Can optionally be used for wrapping `#!td` and `#!th` blocks,
     177       either for specifying row attributes of better visual grouping
     178       (''since 0.12'')
     179
     180See WikiHtml for example usage and more details about these processors.
     181
     182=== Other Markups ===
     183
     184     `#!rst` :: Trac support for Restructured Text. See WikiRestructuredText.
     185 `#!textile` :: Supported if [http://cheeseshop.python.org/pypi/textile Textile]
     186                is installed.
     187                See [http://www.textism.com/tools/textile/ a Textile reference].
     188
    91189
    92190=== Code Highlighting Support ===
    93 Trac includes processors to provide inline [wiki:TracSyntaxColoring syntax highlighting] for the following languages:
    94  * '''c''' -- C
    95  * '''cpp''' -- C++
    96  * '''csharp''' --- C# (''use #!text/x-csharp'')
    97  * '''python''' -- Python
    98  * '''perl''' -- Perl
    99  * '''ruby''' -- Ruby
    100  * '''php''' -- PHP
    101  * '''asp''' -- ASP
    102  * '''java''' -- Java
    103  * '''js''' -- Javascript
    104  * '''sql''' -- SQL
    105  * '''xml''' -- XML
    106  * '''sh''' -- Bourne/Bash shell
    107 
    108 '''Note:''' ''Trac relies on external software packages for syntax coloring. See TracSyntaxColoring for more info.''
    109 
    110 By using the MIME type as processor, it is possible to syntax-highlight the same languages that are supported when browsing source code. For example, you can write:
     191
     192Trac includes processors to provide inline syntax highlighting:
     193 `#!c` (C), `#!cpp` (C++), `#!python` (Python), `#!perl` (Perl),
     194 `#!ruby` (Ruby), `#!php` (PHP), `#!asp` (ASP), `#!java` (Java),
     195 `#!js` (Javascript), `#!sql (SQL)`, `#!xml` (XML or HTML),
     196 `#!sh` (!Bourne/Bash shell), etc.
     197
     198Trac relies on external software packages for syntax coloring,
     199like [http://pygments.org Pygments].
     200
     201See TracSyntaxColoring for information about which languages
     202are supported and how to enable support for more languages.
     203
     204Note also that by using the MIME type as processor, it is possible to syntax-highlight the same languages that are supported when browsing source code. For example, you can write:
    111205{{{
    112206{{{
     
    122216}}}
    123217
    124 The same is valid for all other mime types supported.
     218The same is valid for all other [TracSyntaxColoring#SyntaxColoringSupport mime types supported].
    125219
    126220
     
    130224 * [th:WikiStart Trac Hacks] community site
    131225
    132 
    133 == Advanced Topics: Developing Processor Macros ==
    134 Developing processors is no different from Wiki macros. In fact they work the same way, only the usage syntax differs. See WikiMacros for more information.
     226Developing processors is no different from Wiki macros.
     227In fact they work the same way, only the usage syntax differs.
     228See WikiMacros#DevelopingCustomMacros for more information.
    135229
    136230
    137231----
    138232See also: WikiMacros, WikiHtml, WikiRestructuredText, TracSyntaxColoring, WikiFormatting, TracGuide
     233